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Disease Information

For those with diabetes,it is important to maintain blood sugar at ideal levels. Effectively controlling blood sugar may prevent or delay diabetesrelated complications such as nerve, eye, kidney, and blood vessel damage.


A1C Test

Two tests help keep track of blood sugar levels. The at-home test shows a snapshot of blood sugar levels. A1C is the most important test for people with diabetes. The A1C test shows an average blood sugar lever over two to three months, producing a more accurate reading than the at-home tests. 


Microalbumin Test

The Microalbumin Test is a urine test to show the condition of the kidneys. Patients with diabetes may see increasing amounts of protein in the urine reflecting kidney damage or disease.


Diabetes Retinopathy

Those with diabetes can protect their eyes from diabetes retinopathy by:

  • Controlling blood sugar
  • Getting regular dilated eye exams

If you need help getting an eye exam, sign up for the Lions program


Protect the Feet

Diabetes can cause nerve complications in the feet, potentially requiring amputation. Regular routine diabetic foot exams candetect harmful nerve complications before they beocme serious.


Know Your Numbers

Blood Sugar Levels

  • Normal fasting blood sugar: <100
  • Pre-diabetes fasting: 100-125
  • Diabetes fasting: 126 or greater or a random blood sugar of over 200

Blood Sugar Control

  • Fasting: 80-120
  • During the day: <140
  • A1C: Goal < 7.0

Blood Pressure

  • Normal blood pressure: 120/80
  • Goal in diabetes: <130/80

Weight-for-Stature for Boys & Girls

Weight Status Category Percentile Range

Underweight
Less than the 5th percentile

Healthy Weight
5th percentile to less than the 85th percentile

Overweight
85th percentile to less than the 95th percentile

Obese
Equal to or greater than the 95th percentile

Height to weight goals

Height to weight goals


Weight-for-stature percentiles: boys

Weight-for-stature percentiles: boys

Weight-for-stature percentiles: girls


Types of Fat in the Blood

Triglycerides and cholesterol are the two types of fat in the blood. Cholesterol has LDL, the bad fat, and HDL, the healthy fat. It is important to monitor your LDL, HDL and triglyceride levels.

Goals

  • LDL: <100
  • HDL: >40 Men
  • HDL: >50 Women
  • Triglycerides: <150
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