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Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Waardenburg syndrome 08/04/2011
Klein-Waardenburg syndrome; Waardenburg-Shah syndrome Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Waardenburg syndrome is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, meaning only one parent has to pass on the faulty gene for a child to be affected. There are four main types of Waardenburg syndrome. The most common are type I and type II.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Warts 11/20/2012
Plane juvenile warts; Periungual warts; Subungual warts; Plantar warts; Verruca; Verrucae planae juveniles; Filiform warts; Verruca vulgaris Causes, incidence, and risk factors:  All warts can spread from one part of your body to another.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome 01/26/2012
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome is failure of the adrenal gland due to bleeding into the gland. Causes, incidence, and risk factors: This condition is caused by severe infection with meningococcus bacteria or other severe infection from bacteria, such as: Group B streptococcus Pseudomonas aeruginosa S. pneumoniae Staphylococcus aureus Rarely, Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome can be caused by the use of medications that promote blood clotting.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Wegener’s granulomatosis 02/08/2011
Midline granulomatosis Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Wegener's granulomatosis mainly affects blood vessels in the nose, sinuses, ears, lungs, and kidneys, although other areas may be involved. The cause is unknown. It is thought to be an autoimmune disorder . Wegener's granulomatosis is most common in middle-aged adults.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome 02/27/2013
Korsakoff psychosis; Alcoholic encephalopathy; Encephalopathy - alcoholic; Wernicke's disease Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Wernicke encephalopathy and Korsakoff syndrome are different conditions. Both are due to brain damage caused by a lack of vitamin B1 (thiamine). Lack of vitamin B1 is common in people with alcoholism .
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia West Nile virus 10/06/2012
West Nile virus is a disease spread by mosquitoes. The condition ranges from mild to severe. Causes, incidence, and risk factors: West Nile virus was first identified in 1937 in Uganda in eastern Africa. It was first discovered in the United States in the summer of 1999 in New York. Since then, the virus has spread throughout the United States. The West Nile virus is a type of virus known as a flavivirus. Researchers believe West Nile virus is spread when a mosquito bites an infected bird and then bites a person.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Whipple’s disease 05/01/2012
Intestinal lipodystrophy Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Whipple's disease is caused by infection with a bacteria called Tropheryma whippelii . The disorder mainly affects middle-aged white men. Whipple's disease is extremely rare. Risk factors are unknown. Symptoms: Symptoms usually start slowly.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Whipworm infection 10/06/2012
Trichuriasis Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Whipworm infection is caused by the roundworm, Trichuris trichiura. It is a common infection that mainly affects children. Children may become infected if they swallow soil contaminated with whipworm eggs. When the eggs hatch inside the body, the whipworm sticks inside the wall of the large intestine.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Williams syndrome 11/14/2011
Williams-Beuren syndrome Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Williams syndrome is a rare condition caused by missing genes. Parents may not have any family history of the condition. However, a person with Williams syndrome has a 50% chance of passing the disorder on to each of his or her children. The cause usually occurs randomly. Williams syndrome occurs in about 1 in 8,000 births.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Wilms tumor 05/16/2012
Nephroblastoma; Kidney tumor Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Wilms tumor is the most common form of childhood kidney cancer. The exact cause of this tumor in most children is unknown. A missing iris of the eye (aniridia) is a birth defect that is sometimes associated with Wilms tumor. Other birth defects linked to this type of kidney cancer include certain urinary tract problems and swelling of one side of the body, a condition called hemihypertrophy.
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