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Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Kaposi’s sarcoma 10/06/2012
Kaposi's sarcoma is a cancerous tumor of the connective tissue, and is often associated with AIDS . Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Before the AIDS epidemic, Kaposi's sarcoma was seen mainly in elderly Italian and Jewish men, and rarely, in elderly women. Among this group, the tumors developed slowly. In AIDS patients, the cancer can develop quickly. The cancer may also involve the skin, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and other organs. In people with AIDS, Kaposi's sarcoma is caused by an interaction between HIV , a weakened immune system, and the human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8).
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Kawasaki disease 04/20/2013
Mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome; Infantile polyarteritis Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Kawasaki disease occurs most often in Japan, where it was first discovered. The disease occurs more often in boys than in girls. Most of the children who develop this condition are younger than age 5. Kawasaki disease is not well understood and the cause is yet unknown.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Keloids 11/20/2012
Hypertrophic scar; Keloid scar; Scar - hypertrophic Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Keloids can form after skin injuries from: Acne Burns Chickenpox Ear piercing Minor scratches Cuts from surgery or trauma Vaccination sites The problem is more common in people ages 10 to 20, and in African Americans, Asians, and Hispanics.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Keratoconus 09/18/2012
Keratoconus is an eye disease that affects the structure of the cornea. The cornea is the clear tissue covering the front of the eye. The shape of the cornea slowly changes from the normal round shape to a cone shape. The eye bulges out. This causes vision problems. Causes, incidence, and risk factors: The cause is unknown, but the tendency to develop keratoconus is probably present from birth. Keratoconus is thought to involve a defect in collagen, the tissue that provides strength to the cornea and gives it it's shape.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Keratosis obturans 05/13/2011
Keratosis obturans is the build up of extra skin cells and flakey skin in the ear canal. It may be associated with pain or mild hearing loss. Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Symptoms: Signs and tests: Treatment: Support Groups: Expectations (prognosis): Complications: Calling your health care provider: Prevention: Review Date: 5/13/2011 Reviewed By: Kevin Berman, MD, PhD, Atlanta Center for Dermatologic Disease, Atlanta, GA.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Keratosis pilaris 11/22/2011
Keratosis pilaris is a common skin condition in which a protein in the skin called keratin forms hard plugs within hair follicles. Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Keratosis pilaris is harmless ( benign ). It seems to run in families.  It is more common in people who have very dry skin, or who have atopic dermatitis (eczema). The condition is generally worse in winter and often clears in the summer. Symptoms: Symptoms include: Small bumps that look like "goose bumps" on the back of the upper arms and thighs Bumps feel like very rough sandpaper Skin-colored bumps are the size of a grain of sand Slight pinkness may be seen around some bumps Bumps may appear on the face and be mistaken for acne Signs and tests: Your doctor or nurse can usually diagnose this condition by looking at your skin.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Kernicterus 05/09/2011
Bilirubin encephalopathy Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Kernicterus is caused by very high levels of bilirubin. Bilirubin is a yellow pigment that is created in the body during the normal recycling of old red blood cells. High levels of bilirubin in the body can cause the skin to look yellow (which is called jaundice).
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Kidney stones 09/16/2011
Renal calculi; Nephrolithiasis; Stones - kidney Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Kidney stones are common. Some types run in families. They often occur in premature infants. There are different types of kidney stones. The exact cause depends on the type of stone. Stones can form when urine contains too much of certain substances.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Klinefelter syndrome 11/02/2012
47 X-X-Y syndrome Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Most people have 46 chromosomes. Chromosomes contain all of your genes and DNA, the building blocks of the body. Two sex chromosomes determine if you become a boy or a girl. Girls normally have two XX chromosomes. Boys normally have an X and a Y chromosome. Klinefelter syndrome is when a boy is born with at least one extra X chromosome.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome 11/14/2011
Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome; KTS; Angio-osteohypertrophy; Nevus varicosus osteohypertrophicus syndrome; Hemangiectasia hypertrophicans; Nevus verucosus hypertrophicans Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Most cases of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome occur for no apparent reason.
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