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Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Galactosemia 05/01/2011
Galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase deficiency; Galactokinase deficiency; Galactose-6-phosphate epimerase deficiency Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Galactosemia is an inherited disorder. This means it is passed down through families. It occurs in approximately 1 out of every 60,000 births among Caucasians. The rate is different for other groups.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Gallstones 08/11/2011
Stones made of cholesterol, which are by far the most common type. Cholesterol gallstones have nothing to do with cholesterol levels in the blood.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Ganglioneuroblastoma 02/07/2012
Ganglioneuroblastoma is an intermediate tumor that grows nerve tissue. An intermediate tumor is one that is between benign (slow-growing and unlikely to spread) and malignant (fast-growing, aggressive, and likely to spread). Causes, incidence, and risk factors: This rare tumor occurs in less than 5 out of every 1,000,000 children each year. Tumors of the nervous system have different degrees of differentiation. The degree of differentiation is based on how the tumor cells look under the microscope.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Ganglioneuroma 08/29/2012
Ganglioneuroma is a tumor of the peripheral nervous system. Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Ganglioneuromas are rare tumors that most frequently start in the autonomic nerve cells, which may be in any part of the body. The tumor are usually noncancerous (benign). Ganglioneuromas usually occur in people ages 10 to 40. They grow slowly, and may release certain chemicals or hormones. There are no known risk factors. However, the tumors may be associated with some genetic problems, such as neurofibromatosis type 1.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Gangrene 08/24/2011
Gangrene is the death of tissue in part of the body. Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Gangrene happens when a body part loses its blood supply. This may happen from injury, an infection, or other causes. You have a higher risk for gangrene if you have: A serious injury Blood vessel disease (such as arteriosclerosis, also called hardening of the arteries, in your arms or legs) Diabetes Suppressed immune system (for example, from HIV or chemotherapy) Surgery Symptoms: The symptoms depend on the location and cause of the gangrene.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Gas gangrene 12/06/2011
Tissue infection - Clostridial; Gangrene - gas; Myonecrosis; Clostridial infection of tissues Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Gas gangrene is rare in the United States. The condition is most often caused by a bacteria called Clostridium perfringens. However, it also can be caused by Group A streptococcus. Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio vulnificus can cause similar infections.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Gastric cancer 11/17/2012
Cancer - stomach; Stomach cancer; Gastric carcinoma; Adenocarcinoma of the stomach Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Several types of cancer can occur in the stomach. The most common type is called adenocarcinoma. It starts from one of the common cell types found in the lining of the stomach. This article focuses on adenocarcinoma of the stomach. Adenocarcinoma of the stomach is a common cancer of the digestive tract worldwide.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Gastritis 01/31/2011
Gastritis occurs when the lining of the stomach becomes inflamed or swollen. Gastritis can last for only a short time (acute gastritis), or linger for months to years (chronic gastritis). Causes, incidence, and risk factors: The most common causes of gastritis are: Certain medications, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen, when taken over a longer period of time Drinking too much alcohol Infection of the stomach with a bacteria called Helicobacter pylori Less common causes are: Autoimmune disorders (such as pernicious anemia ) Backflow of bile into the stomach (bile reflux) Cocaine abuse Eating or drinking caustic or corrosive substances (such as poisons) Extreme stress Viral infection, such as cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus, especially in people with a weak immune system Trauma or a severe, sudden illness such as major surgery, kidney failure, or being placed on a breathing machine may cause gastritis.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Gastroesophageal reflux disease 08/11/2011
Peptic esophagitis; Reflux esophagitis; GERD; Heartburn - chronic; Dyspepsia - GERD Causes, incidence, and risk factors: When you eat, food passes from the throat to the stomach through the esophagus (also called the food pipe or swallowing tube).
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Gastroesophageal reflux in infants 08/02/2011
Reflux - infants Causes, incidence, and risk factors: When a person eats, food passes from the throat to the stomach through the esophagus. The esophagus is called the food pipe or swallowing tube.
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