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Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Facial nerve palsy due to birth trauma 05/21/2012
Seventh cranial nerve palsy due to birth trauma Causes, incidence, and risk factors: The infant's facial nerve (also called the seventh cranial nerve) can be damaged just before or at the time of delivery. Most of the time the cause is unknown.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Facial tics 02/27/2013
Tic - facial; Mimic spasm Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Tics most often occur in children, but may last into adulthood in some cases. Tics occur three to four times as often in boys as girls. Tics may affect as many as one-fourth of all children at some time. The cause of tics is unknown, but stress appears to make tics more severe. Short-lived tics ( transient tic disorder ) are common in childhood.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Facial trauma 08/03/2011
Maxillofacial injury; Midface trauma; Facial injury; LeFort injuries Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Blunt or penetrating trauma can cause injury to the area of the face that includes the upper jaw, lower jaw, cheek, nose, or forehead. Common causes of injury to the face include: Automobile accidents Penetrating injuries Violence Symptoms: Changes in sensation and feeling over the face Deformed or uneven face or facial bones Difficulty breathing through the nose due to swelling and bleeding Double vision Missing teeth Swelling around the eyes that may cause vision problems Signs and tests: The doctor will perform a physical exam, which may show: Bleeding from the nose, eyes, or mouth, or nasal blockage Breaks in the skin (lacerations) Bruising around the eyes or widening of the distance between the eyes, which may mean injury to the bones between the eye sockets The following may suggest bone fractures: Abnormal sensations on the cheek and irregularities that can be felt An upper jaw that moves when the head is still A CT scan of the head may be done.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy 02/01/2012
Landouzy-Dejerine muscular dystrophy Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy affects the upper body. It is not the same as  Duchenne muscular dystrophy and Becker muscular dystrophy , which affect the lower body. Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Factitious hyperthyroidism 06/04/2012
Factitious thyrotoxicosis; thyrotoxicosis factitia; thyrotoxicosis medicamentosa Causes, incidence, and risk factors: The thyroid gland produces the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). In most cases of hyperthyroidism , the thyroid gland itself produces too much of these hormones.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Factor II deficiency 02/28/2011
Hypoprothrombinemia; Prothrombin deficiency Causes, incidence, and risk factors: When you bleed, the body launches a series of reactions that help the blood clot. This is called the coagulation cascade. The process involves special proteins called coagulation or clotting factors .
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Factor V deficiency 02/16/2012
Parahemophilia; Owren's disease Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Blood clotting is a complex process involving as many as 20 different proteins in blood plasma. These proteins are called blood coagulation factors. Factor V deficiency is caused by a lack of the Factor V. When certain blood clotting factors are low or missing, your blood does not clot properly.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Factor VII deficiency 02/28/2011
Extrinsic factor deficiency Causes, incidence, and risk factors: When you bleed, the body launches a series of reactions that help the blood clot. This is called the coagulation cascade. The process involves special proteins called coagulation or clotting factors. When one or more of these clotting factors are missing, there is usually a higher chance of bleeding.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Factor X deficiency 02/28/2011
Stuart-Prower deficiency Causes, incidence, and risk factors: When you bleed, the body launches a series of reactions that help the blood clot. This is called the coagulation cascade. The process involves special proteins called coagulation factors . When one or more of these clotting factors are missing, there is usually a higher chance of bleeding.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Factor XII (Hageman factor) deficiency 02/28/2011
Factor XII deficiency is an inherited disorder that affects a protein (factor XII) involved in blood clotting. Causes, incidence, and risk factors: When you bleed, the body launches a series of reactions that help the blood clot. This is called the coagulation cascade. The process involves special proteins called coagulation factors. (Factor XII is a coagulation factor in this series of reactions.) Each factor has a reaction that triggers the next reaction.
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